We know today that dietary factors play an essential role in the development of the population. A sensible, healthy diet can counteract many lifestyle diseases.
The most significant dietary problem is over-nutrition, which leads to overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity increase the risk of, among other things, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, certain types of cancer, and depression.
The composition of the Diet is also of great importance for the development of lifestyle diseases. For Example, a diet with high dietary fiber intake, high intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and low saturated fat intake will reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular and cardiac diseases.
Physical activity is important in terms of regulating the energy balance and has an independent positive impact on the development of lifestyle diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. Healthy and varied diets and physical activity are both necessary in a healthy lifestyle.
Most of the research on the impact of diet on the development of diseases is based on so-called population studies. This type of analysis provides an opportunity to see relationships between food and development of a disease.
For Example, the correlation between large intake of salt and increased risk of gastric cancer is seen. This means that in people with high intakes of salt, a large incidence of cancer of the stomach is also seen. Therefore, having a high intake of salt does not mean that you will develop cancer of the stomach, but may increase your risk of developing it.
Whether you develop a disease is a complex interplay between genetics and lifestyle. Your genetics cannot be changed, but you can choose your own lifestyle.
Physical activity and healthy diets are protective against the development of lifestyle diseases.
Diet and Obesity
The Incidence of obesity has risen sharply in the last 40 years and is identified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as one of the significant threats to public health in the 21st century. Century.
Overweight and obesity are the results of the increased fat depot on the body. Body fat deposits increase when eating (and drinking) more than the body burns. Energy from the calorie surplus is stored in the body in the form of fat. The interplay between calorie intake and physical activity is crucial for the development and thus also the prevention of obesity.
Research does not provide a clear picture of the dietary factors which have the most critical role in the development of obesity. Research would instead not give a clear picture of the factors which could prevent this development.
In other words, There is no single food or nutrient which alone is responsible for overweight or which alone can prevent overweight. Both fat, carbohydrates, protein and alcohol contain calories and can contribute to overweight and obesity if consumed more calories than the body burns. It is the balance between calorie intake and calories burned which is essential.
Although fat contains more calories per gram than protein and carbonate, a low-fat diet alone is not enough to avoid obesity. It is the total content of calories you consume per day that matters to whether you are overeating or not. Therefore, a low-fat diet cannot prevent obesity when a person eats too many calories from protein or alcohol. You must, therefore, enjoy a good cheese if you remember to keep an eye on the total calorie intake from the whole diet.
Research shows that a diet with a low energy density (few calories per gram) can prevent overweight and obesity, while a diet with a high energy density (many calories per gram) can increase the risk of overweight and obesity. A low energy density diet can be achieved by eating many fibers from whole grain products, vegetables and fruit, quenching the thirst in water and not in soft drinks, juices, and alcohol, as well as limiting fat intake.
To reduce the daily intake of energy is recommended moderation regarding food and drink, which saturate badly. Please Limit the consumption of sugary sweet drinks, sweets and cakes, fiber-poor bread and cereal products. At the same time, Be aware of the amount of fat that is in the food and the amount of fat you use in your diet, whether in the preparation of food or on the bread. Fat is caloric and saturates poorly compared to the other nutrients. For Example, the same amount of calories is in one tablespoon of cooking oil as there is in one slice of rye bread with ham + a carrot.
Some Facts of Lifestyle
- Lifestyle factors such as overweight, physical inactivity, and inappropriate diets can increase your risk of a number of lifestyle diseases
- Overweight increases your risk of heart and vascular disease, diabetes and cancer Physical inactivity increases your risk of heart and vascular disease, diabetes and overweight
- A number of dietary factors can both reduce and increase your risk of heart and vascular disease and cancer in particular
- A healthy diet can improve your weight and prevent a number of lifestyle diseases
A number of dietary factors can both reduce and increase your risk of heart and vascular disease and cancer in particular
A healthy diet can improve your weight and prevent a number of lifestyle diseases
Diet and Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most frequent causes of death in Denmark. Several lifestyle factors have an impact on the development of cardiovascular diseases, which is why it is referred to as a lifestyle disease.
Lifestyle factors such as overweight, physical inactivity, inappropriate diet, stress, and smoking have an impact on the development of cardiovascular diseases. Other risk factors, such as male gender, increasing age and familial history with cardiovascular diseases, cannot be influenced by your chosen lifestyle. You can only change the so-called lifestyle factors. An inappropriate lifestyle will increase your risk of cardiovascular disease, while an appropriate lifestyle will reduce your risk.
Research shows that a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, berries, fish, nuts, whole grains, dietary fibers, a moderate intake of alcohol and less salt reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular and vascular diseases. Fruit and vegetables protect against the development of cardiac and vascular diseases by lowering blood pressure, improving blood fats, counteracting blood clumping, and also containing antioxidants. Plants are also a good source of dietary fiber.
Fish contains unusually high omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA), which protects against cardiac and vascular diseases by countering blood clot formation, lowering blood pressure, and improving the elasticity of blood vessels.
Nuts, almonds, and oil like rapeseed and olives improve blood fats as well as contain both dietary fibers and anti-oxide active substances. Cereal products and dietary fibers work cholesterol lowering in people with high cholesterol.